Archives

Chapter 1: Substance use and mood disorder among commercial drivers in Jos-Bukuru metropolis of Plateau State, Nigeria by Charles Nnaemeka Nwoga, Moses D. Audu, Suwa G. Goar, Francis J. Davou, Samuel J. Dakwak & Carmmius U. Ogba

Driving requires concentration, motor skills and concern for the safety of everyone on the road. Psychoactive substance use or misuse has the potential of making driving unsafe. It puts both the driver, passengers and other road users at a great risk. Under the influence of substances, drivers are prone to motor vehicle collision and accidents. This could be worsened if they are suffering from

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Chapter 2: Prevalence of drug use among internally displaced persons in Akwa lbom State, Nigeria by Nsidibe A. Usoro, Enwongo A. Okediji, Emeh A. Udoh & Mfon E. Ineme

The movement of populations from original habitations to new locations can be either voluntary or involuntary displacement depending on the circumstances surrounding the decision to relocate to a new habitation (Usoro, 2016). When the displaced populations are resettled in new locations within their country of origin, they are viewed as internally displaced persons (lDPs). In Nigeria for instance, the internal

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Chapter 3: Analysis of factors contributing to relapse in addiction treatment: A case study of centre for addiction treatment and research, Vom Christian Hospital Jos by Nevin Terry Haa

The term relapse refers to the return to substance use, following a period of voluntary or enforced abstinence, at a level of intensity comparable to that attained before abstinence (Babor, Cooney 81 Lauerman, 1986). it may mean resumption of addiction; return to drug use of the same intensity as in the past; daily drug use for a specified number of

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Chapter 4: Does depression mediate the effect of sexual compulsivity in sexual risk behavior among Cannabis users in Nigeria? by Benjamin O. Olley. Damilola Oladele & Olujide A Adekeye

Cannabis use with prevalence ranging from 0.4% of a national survey (Gureje et al, 2007; to 84% among hospital clientele (Bembo; 1988), continue to be on the increase and therefore‘ an attraction for empirical studies for behavioral scientist. Undoubtedly, evidence of a robust association between substance use and sexual risk behavior is replete in the literature (Elkington, Bauermeister, & Zimmerman,

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Chapter 5: Patterns of substance use and its predictors among North-West University students Mafikeng Campus by Godswill N. Osuafor, Sonto M. Maputle & Natal Ayiga

The pervasiveness of the use of alcohol, tobacco, -cannabis and other psychoactive substances remains a major concern among young people globally. Nearly 25% of the total death toll among people aged 25-39 years were related to alcohol use in 2014 (WHO, 2015). This percentage is higher than that of the global alcohol related deaths which is recorded as 7.6% and 4.0% for men and

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Chapter 6: Substance abuse among physically-challenged beggars in Jos Metropolis Marilyn F. Dafom, Juiiet Y. Pwajok, Policarp M. Bot, Pankyes A. Kutman, James R. Dakas, Joseph Kosen & T J. Ibrahim.

Alcohol and substance abuse continue to be a big problem in Nigeria. The problem of substance abuse has even spread among persons with physical and mental challenges who indulge in street begging as a source of livelihood (Save the Children, 2011). The devastating impact of alcohol/substance abuse on our society is very high, a problem that is not just for

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Chapter 7: Drug and alcohol consumption as predictors of vulnerability to sexual victimization among female students of a Federal Polytechnic by Olutope E. Akinnawo, Bede C. Akpunne & Abigal Ikeoruonye

The abuse of alcohol and illicit and prescription drugs among adolescents is a major health problem internationally. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reports that in 2010 approximately 5 per cent of the world’s population, most of which are young people, used an illicit drug. It is estimated that alcohol abuse results in 2.5 million deaths per

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Chapter 8: Psychodemographic predictors of substance abuse among bank employees in lbadan by Mfon E. Ineme, Michael A. Azeez, Helen O. Osinowo

Abuse of psychoactive substances has been reported nearly all human societies, cutting across all sexes, socio-economic strata, and works of life, with attendant personal and social effects. To the individual, it leads to chronic diseases that change both brain structure and function; just as cardiovascular disease damages the heart and diabetes impairs the pancreas, addiction hijacks the brain. This happens

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Chapter 10: The social context of injection drug use and harm reduction programs in Sub-Saharan Africa by Ediomo-Ubong E. Nelson

There is significant disillusionment in many parts of the world with the dominant, prohibitionist approach to illicit drugs‘ control. The approach. which rests on the three international conventions, namely the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the 1988 Convention against Illegal Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, attempt to control the supply

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