Alcohol use starts on a pleasurable note but has considerable health and social burdens when it becomes heavy. The burden of alcohol affects the drinker’s health and finance, as well as those around the drinker. (Anderson & Baumberg, 2006) Harmful drinking according to World Health Organisation’s (WHO) report (2010), weakens the drinker’s immune system and is a major determinant for neuropsychiatric disorders such as alcohol use disorders, epilepsy and other non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cirrhosis of the liver and various cancers. It is also associated with several infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Alcohol results in 2.5 million deaths each year and it is the world’s third largest risk factor for premature mentality, disability and loss of health (WHO, 2010). Alcohol harm to the drinker has been established in many studies (Vellerman & Templeton 2013; Chikere & Mayowa, 2011; Laslett, et al., 2010; Anderson & Baumberg 2006).
The harm of alcohol sometimes extend to others around the drinker, thus the harm from others‘ drinking is currently receiving global research concern (Laslett et al 2010). These harms are experienced in different places (homes, public centres, work place and the community at large) and at different time (night, morning) and by different people, (family members, friends, co-workers and others in the community). The harm comes in different forms: injury, assault, heavy traffic, work place accident, child neglect, partner abuse, relationship problems, harassment, noise, and damage to property (Hope et al., 2013).