Chapter 18: Familial drinking habit, emotional stability and alcohol use in a sample of male and female adolescents in lbadan, Nigeria and Abiodun M. Lawal
Alcohol has been globally reported to be the most frequently used psychoactive substance by adolescents (Olumide, Robinson, Levy, Mashimbye, et al., 2014; Atilola, et al., 2014; Hibell, et al., 2009; Johnston, et al., 2010). In same manner, high proportion of alcohol use by adolescents has been severally reported in Nigeria (ldowu, Fatusi & Olajide, 2016; Hamisu, Ahmad & Lim, 2014; Ebirim & Morakinyo, 2011). In their study, Idowu, et al (2016) recently described that 36.1 % of their study sample reported consuming alcoholic drinks. This is becoming worrisome to all stakeholders in drug-reduction interventions. More importantly, death rate
and adverse consequences of high consumption of alcohol by adolescents call for unrelenting efforts of researchers to continue to investigate and give possible solutions that could lead to a significant reduction in alcohol intake in the population of youth in Nigeria. Apart from findings across the globe that adolescent alcohol use has association with several problem behaviours (Sise, et al., 2009; World Health Organization, 2008), many studies in Nigeria also confirm the link with numerous risky behaviours such as hazardous drinking, sexual risk behaviours, violence, drinking and driving, problematic pattern of alcohol use, among others
(Atilola, Ayinde & Adeitan, 2013; Abiokoye & Olley, 2012). The consequences of alcohol abuse by adolescents go beyond them as perpetrators; rather, they cut across the family, friends and the society at large.
Review of several studies has shown that family is among the most prompting variables on young children’s attitudes toward alcohol use and actual consumption of alcohol (Erik, et al., 2014; Latendresse, et al., 2008; Chassin, Flora & King, 2004), As reported that a family with history of alcoholism is a well confirmed risk
factor for the development of alcohol use by members of such family (McGue, 1994); perhaps concurrently or later in life. Also, Chassin, et al. (2004) reported that familial alcoholism partly raised risk factor and drug use among adolescents.