The history of drug abuse in Nigeria is a catalogue of changes brought about by such factors as the civil war, unexpected oil boom that followed with its sudden increase in Gross National Product (GNP) and rapid socio—economic changes and urbanisation which also led to disintegration of the family social network, and increase in drug availability. Now the country is facing an unprecedented economic depression. This paper will attempt to examine the trends of drug abuse in the past, the prevalence of the problem today, some factors associated with causes of drug abuse as reported in literature, was of preventing the problem through policy formulation, and the current efforts of the Federal Government at a stemming the supply of and demand for narcotic drugs through the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency.

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