Chapter 4: Influence of alcohol consumption on sexually transmitted infections by Waheed M. Alausa, Benjamin A. Olabimitan & Muniru A. Ajala
Studies have shown over time that people with alcohol use disorders are more likely to contract HIV than those without (Petry, 2005). Similarly, people with HIV are more likely to abuse alcohol at some time during their lives (Krupitsky, Horton Williams, Lioznov & Kuznetsova, 2005). The reason proffered for this is that alcohol consumption has the potential to strengthen a sense of vulnerability, reduce perceived importance of social norms, diminish awareness of high risk, and confound the drinker’s ability to negotiate interpersonal situations or interactions with the environment (Standerwick, Davies & Tucker, 2007). Studies have also found a positive relationship between alcohol use and incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). particularly human immunodeficiency virus (Chersich, Luchters, Malonza, 2007; Fisher, Cook & Sam, 2008). And in sub-Sahara Africa alcohol has been found to be the most common form of substance
abuse (Obot, 2000; Pam/, Bhana & Myers, 2002).